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Zone ReflexoCurist William Hope FitzGerald, MD
All family photos used by permission: Pamela & Diana FitzGerald Demms
Posted May 12, 2007

Dr. FitzGerald is considered the Founding Father of Zone Therapy for us here in the USA, and from so sure a foundation has emerged our national profession of Reflexology. William's father, Charles, Sr., was born in Ireland and came to America at age eight with his family residing in Thibadeaux, Louisiana. After serving three years in the Confederate Service, and at the close of the war, he came north, settling in Middletown where he established a coal business in 1867. However, William and his elder brother Charles, Jr. both chose to pursue a career in medicine.

FitzGerald's granddaughters explain their family history to Dwight
Byers. The exhibit by Ignacio Sanchez - Honoring the Pioneers
of Reflexology
- focused on FitzGerald, Riley and Ingham.
2008 RAA Conference, Portland, ME

On this Web page you will find family testimony from three of William FitzGerald's grandchildren (Pamela, Diana and Willie) regarding their memories and mementos handed down from their mother Vivienne FitzGerald Demms. "Grandfather FitzGerald was a very large man and married to a tiny woman, Mary McCormick called Polly," wrote his granddaughter Pamela FitzGerald Demms Anderegg in an Email to Dr. Brinkerhoff. (Her initial correspondence requested that the 'g' in Fitzgerald be capitalized; thus it has been corrected to FitzGerald.)

Diana receives percussion reflexology in tradition of her Grandfather
FitzGerald. Treatment by Zachary at 2008 RAA Conference brought
feeling into her five toes that had been numb for 5 years following
spinal surgery. Sister Pamela patiently awaits her turn.

MIR has built on the spirited example of Dr. FitzGerald's utilization of stainless steel instruments, electricity, probes, bands, hooks, light energy, and combs in Zone Reflex applications. MIR Research and Development Clinic has sought to carry on the great work of FitzGerald, and to improve the technology of both the percussive equipment and the efficiency of Radiant Energy devices utilized by FitzGerald's medical group which grew up around his practice and teaching. The INSTITUTE wants to bring forth out of its treasury -- techniques both old and new (ancient and modern); and blend them into an effective package capable of offering recovery and better health for the individual, the nation and the world.

FitzGerald's method of applying hollowed
out spring clothes pins for the relief of
pain and to desensitize the teeth for
dental operations. (Ibid., p. 59.)

The first presentation of the subject, Zone Therapy on any considerable scale of importance was made by Dr. E. F. Bowers in an article that appeared in "Everybody's Magazine". In this article, Dr. Bowers paid high tribute to Dr. William H. FitzGerald whose methods and results he had been studying for sometime previous to the publication of the article, stating:

"Dr. FitzGerald's position is one that commands respect. He is a graduate of the University of Vermont, and spent two and a half years in the Boston City Hospital. He served two years in the Central London Nose and Throat Hospital. For a like period he was in Vienna, where he was assistant to Professor Politzer and Professor Otto Chiari, who are known wherever medical text books are read.

William Hope FitzGerald earned his MD at University of Vermont.

"For several years Dr. FitzGerald has been the senior nose and throat surgeon of St. Francis Hospital in Hartford, Connecticut and is an active member of most of the American medical societies." (Ibid, Everybody's.)

St. Francis Hospital
Nose & Throat Clinic
Founded by WH FitzGerald
Senior Surgeon

"I have known Dr. FitzGerald for many years. He is able and honest, a skillful and competent surgeon, and a student. No matter how foolish, how ridiculous his methods may seem, they are most decidedly not the vaporings of a dreamer or a charlatan. They are the calmly digested findings of a trained and scientific mind." (Ibid, Everybody's.)

The FitzGerald Clinic was on this side of family home in Hartford, CT.
His Zone Therapy and nose/throat practice was conducted here;
His office & laboratory occupied the whole sunroom.
Note clinic signage on left side of picture.
Picture posted 03/16/08

As an introduction to further articles appearing in Associated Sunday Magazines and in the magazine, "Everybody's" a Mr. Bruce Barton, able and critical editor of these magazines, said:

"For almost a year Dr. Bowers has been urging me to publish this article on Dr. FitzGerald's remarkable system of healing known as Zone Therapy. Frankly, I could not believe what was claimed for Zone Therapy, nor did I think that we could get magazine readers to believe it. Finally, a few months ago, I went to Hartford unannounced, and spent a day in Dr. FitzGerald's offices. I saw patients who had been cured of goiter; I saw throat and ear troubles immediately relieved by Zone Therapy; I saw nasal operations performed without any anesthetic whatever; and --- in a dentist's office --- teeth extracted without any anesthetic except the analgesic influence of Zone Therapy. Afterward I wrote to about fifty practicing physicians in various parts of the country who have heard of Zone Therapy and are using it for the relief of all kinds of cases, even to allay the pains of childbirth. Their letters are on file in my office."

Dr. FitzGerald's method of "rubber
banding" the fingers for trouble in
the first, second and third zones.

"This first article will be followed by a number of others in which Dr. Bowers will explain the application of Zone Therapy to the various common ailments. I anticipate criticism regarding these articles from two sources: first, from a small percentage of physicians; second, from people who will attempt to use Zone Therapy without success. We have considered this criticism in advance and are prepared to disregard it. If the articles serve to reduce the sufferings of people in dentist' chairs even ten per cent, if they will help in even the slightest way to relieve the common pains of everyday life, they will be amply justified."

FitzGerald's diagram (shown above) of Anterior Zones on one side of the body. Both right and left sides of body are the same. Each numbered line represents the center of its respective zone on the anterior part of the body. Example: 1) Middle ear is Zone 4; 2) Eustachian tube and middle ear combined are in Zones 3 & 4; 3) The teeth are in the respective zones as indicated by passing a line antero-posteriorly thru the respective zones; 4) The viscera are in the zones as represented by a line passed antero-posteriorly thru the respective zones; 5) The tongue, hard and soft palate, and the generative organs are in ten zones, five on each side of the median line. (Ibid., p. 13.)

FitzGerald's granddaughter Pamela receives DRUMmer percussion
on the fourth toe (Zone 4) of each foot. Pam's Tinnitus (crickets)
in her left ear became silent on the 4th day of treatment
while working on her left finger in Zone 4.

"We do not know the full explanation of Zone Therapy; but we do know that a great many people have been helped by it, and that nobody can possibly be harmed."

FitzGerald's diagram (shown above) of Posterior Zones on one side of the body. Both right and left sides of body are the same. Each numbered line represents the center of its respective zone on the posterior part of the body. Example: The undersurface of the tongue is in the posterior zone. It will be observed that what is commonly called the back of the hand is really the front of that member, whereas the palm of the hand corresponds to the sole of the foot. (Ibid., p. 14.)

"As to what the explanation may be for the very remarkable results that frequently follow the application of Zone Therapy pressures is extremely difficult to say. Obviously, from our study of anatomy of the nervous system, we can readily appreciate the fact that there is no definite and direct connection between the nerves, for instance, of the big toe on the right foot and the nerves, for instance, and the nerves of the thumb on the right hand. And yet, so intimately related do these appendages seem to be that a pressure on a particular area of the right hand will excite pain in a corn or bunion or other painful conditions in the corresponding area of the toe. Strangely enough, pressure on any other part of the thumb does not do this."

St. Charles College, Ellicott City, Maryland attended by FitzGerald.
College was destroyed by fire in 1911 with no loss of life and was quickly rebuilt
with salvaged building materials in Catonsville.

"The same is true of the various areas in either of the nostrils, in either the left or right ear, in any finger or toe, or over the boney part of any area in the body situated in these longitudinal lines shown in the Zone Therapy Charts"

"A man can do only what he can do.
But if he does that each day
he can sleep at night
and do it again the next day."

– Albert Schweitzer

"Drs. FitzGerald and Bowers state that in attempting the relief of pain by 'working' from the fingers it should also be emphasized that it makes a difference, too, whether the upper and lower or the side surfaces of the joint are pressed. A physician experimenting with the method was ready to condemn it because he was unable to relieve a patient who complained of rheumatic pains which centered on the outer side of the anklebone. The doctor grasped the second joint of the patient's right little finger and pressed firmly for a minute on the top and bottom of the joint. The pain persisted, and the doctor jeered at the method."

Dr. FitzGerald's method of applying
anterior & posterior pressure
to the finger joints.

"A disciple of Zone Therapy smiled, and suggested that while the doctor had the right finger, he had the right finger in the wrong grip The doctor was advised to press the sides of the finger instead of the top and bottom. This was done, and the pain disappeared in two minutes."

Dr. FitzGerald's method of applying
lateral pressure to the finger joint.

"The growth of interest in this work is most encouraging. Dr. FitzGerald and other physicians using Zone Therapy in their practice, have had scores of letters from patients they have never seen, but who have written, expressing their appreciation for the relief secured through instructions from some of their patients, or through following out some suggestions from articles in the magazines.

"I have reason to believe that there are now upwards of five hundred physicians, osteopaths and dentists, using these methods every day, with complete satisfaction to themselves and to their patients."


Dr. FitzGerald's first book on Zone Therapy was intended to instruct
his patients in self applications between treatments. The health
benefits of Zone Reflex and ease of treatment quickly spread
beyond his patients to other members of their families
and friends - as well as the medical community.

"And the number of lay-men, and especially lay-women, who are preaching the doctrine in their own households, and among their circle of friends, must be legion. The adoption of the method is attended with absolutely no danger or disagreeable results, and may be the means of lengthening short lives and making good health catching. I, for one, hope that the number of those who may be inclined to learn and practice these methods upon themselves and upon members of their families may ever increase and multiply. For this is a big idea. And a helpful one. Therefore, the more who make it their own the better for the human race." ( ZONE THERAPY or Relieving Pain and Sickness by Nerve Pressure, by Benedict Lust, ND, DO, DC, MD, Benedict Lust Publications, New York City, 1928.)

FitzGerald's granddaughter holds an aluminium
comb hand-me-down which she kept in her
jewelry chest. Diana gave this valued comb
(manufactured by her grandfather) to her
new friend Zachary Brinkerhoff at the
RAA Conference in Portland, ME.

Drs. FitzGerald and Bowers made use of many tools: elastic bands, clothes pins and aluminum combs on the hands; surgical clamps for the tongue; nasal probes and a retractor for the pharynx; and infra red ray lamps which they combined with Zone Therapy. FitzGerald recommended his medical instruments to be used only by doctors for treatment, but he and his group recommend the Percuss-O-Motor and infra red ray lamps for both therapists and doctors working in a busy clinic where time was of the essence and salvation of the thumb was desired.

Dr. FitzGerald's Aluminum Comb Method of
treating lumbago and pains in the back of
the body, affects all the zones.

In 1969 W. D. Chesney, MD, reflected on his past association with FitzGerald's group:
"In Germany, that great doctor, d'Arsonval was using PhysioTherapy and getting relief following the use of reflex knowledge which, in effect was what was later termed Zone Therapy by Drs. FitzGerald and Bowers. So much did all this affect me that I determined to invent some new means of PhysioTherapy on my return to the United States.

"While researching in Crerar Library at Chicago a most fortunate circumstance that changed the course of my life occurred. Mr. F. F. Burdick, manufacturer of light therapy equipment, Milton, Wisconsin, observed my search and introduced himself. I found that he was an admirer of Drs. White, FitzGerald and Bowers, and before I realized it, I was signed up to become Director of Research at his factory. Burdick had a Chicago office in the Stewart Building and while doing some work there, Dr. Bowers came in. He showed me sufficient to make me an advocate for Zone Therapy. He was immensely interested in the possible combined use of infra red rays and Zone Therapy, and wrote Dr. White in Los Angeles about my work."


Dr. FitzGerald's Group used this lamp with Zone Therapy.
(Zone Therapy, by Benedict Lust, ND, 1928.)


The greatest mistake
you can make in life
is to be continually fearing
you will make one.
Elbert Hubbard

The MIR has carried forward Dr. FitzGerald's Zone
Therapy applications of infrared light into the 21st
Century. Above: a $25,000 (910nm 1,500mW) high
power infrared laser therapy device hammers the K1
(Solar Plexus) reflex point of Alfred Reinhard Bird
Bear Obes, DR, MD. Obes is helping to establish
treatment protocol through MIR Research Clinic.

"This resulted in a most earnest invitation from Dr. George Star White to come to his Clinic and see the combination at work together, the following January. Mr. Burdick gladly gave me leave of absence and I was right on the spot January 20. Dr. Bowers was already there and soon followed by Dr. FitzGerald and many other reputable physicians who were interested in the welfare of patients --- not in the heft of their purses. At the opening of the Clinic, Dr. FitzGerald presented charts that in his opinion proved there were ten zones in the human body -- zones connected by nerves that carried the electrical impulses. He said, 'Zone Therapy is not a cure all. Neither are medicine and surgery. But I have seen hundreds of sick folks cured by Zone Therapy after all other means have failed. I trust Dr. White has been able to furnish us with a sufficient variety of diseased patients so I can offer a demonstration.' "

View of Wesleyan University campus where
the young WH FitzGerald attended.

"For a whole week, I saw apparent modern miracles brought about by nothing but Zone Therapy, or if you care for another definitive word, call it Reflexology. At the last general session, Dr. White said, 'Dr. FitzGerald is very right in his proved theory that the human body is divided into ten zones, connected together by the nerves that carry the impulses. He deserves the gratitude of every human that wishes to prevent diseases, and cure a significant percentage without the terrific costs of modern medicine. It is not a cure all. It definitely is a great boon to those that use it."

Wesleyan University research lab frequented by WH FitzGerald.

"Any person of average intelligence can use the few inexpensive items. It is like the slogan of my alma mater, 'If it does not cure you, it will not kill you, or harm you'. The Charts that you can readily purchase can be safely used by anybody of average intelligence." (Zone Therapy is Scientific, Subjectively & Objectively, by W. D. Chesney, MD, 1969, p. 3-5.)

As quoted above from his 1917 book, Dr. FitzGerald stated emphatically: "I believe it is 'shock' more often than stimulation (that produces the therapeutic effect)." The byproduct of shock (which Fitzgerald believed to have produced the therapeutic effect) has been proven thru the the medical research of Robert O. Becker, MD, to be the direct current of injury. This negative DC of injury is the signal for the brain to discharge the negative DC of regeneration. Brinkerhoff postulates that "shock-type" reflex point work triggers this electrical discharge from the brain (called the 'healing current' by medical researchers); which is the first response of the body to initiate healing and regeneration.

Based on FitzGerald's belief that electrical shock can be virtuous; MIR continues to advocate piezo and micro amp current in addition to massive stimulus with Dr. Riley's Massager, High Power Infrared Laser Light or deep-probe 'shock-type' work on the foot, hand and/or ear reflexes in order to most effectively activate the DC of regeneration.

Maybe now we can better understand some of the reasons why therapeutic infrared ray lamps were combined with Zone Reflex Therapy by the founding Fathers. Did they add radiant light energy in order that electrochemical balance or equilibrium could be assured following the disequilibrium of "shock-type" reflex technique?

MIR Student Jackie Maples (Texas) was impressed with the
dynamic of the new 240mW, 960 nm Laser 'Reflexocure'
Instrument during her recent visit to MIR Clinic.
Light ... Medicine of the Future.

Dr. Brinkerhoff's light energy research has confirmed a consistent reflexology (ReflexoCure) treatment outcome that produces the ideal equilibrium state. He has designed a Full Spectrum Reflexology Program which has restored the full bandwidth of infrared energy as part of a reflexology (ReflexoCure) treatment. "By following these techniques practiced by the founding Fathers I can guarantee to a new student that he can give a treatment equal to my own. This is accomplished by using the DRUMmer (applied to the K-1), combined with the Reflex Beamer III-3b or equivalent devices," stated Zachary.

Dr. FitzGerald's Zone Reflex Electrical Probe

Below is the birth certificate of William Hope FitzGerald which testifies to the day he came into this world with a calling to bless and bring healing to those who suffer bodily dysfunction. As part of his internship and early medical practice (as we have heard & read) he had worked at hospital clinics in London, Vienna and Paris. It was in the latter where he met and later married Mary 'Polly' McCormick, a fiery dame from Missoula, Montana who at that time was the Paris Correspondent for the NY Herald Tribune.

The three FitzGerald children: Paul, Kathleen and Vivienne shown
playing at their winter home in Los Angeles, California - 1918.

In the midst of FitzGerald's research into Zone Therapy he made an objective observation that all health care practitioners need to consider: "Zone Therapy is not a cure all. Neither are medicine and surgery." Even though the good doctor had seen hundreds of sick folks cured by Zone Therapy after all other means had failed - he was not able to treat his own son Paul - who died of a Rheumatic heart condition at the tender age of 16. Why? The ethical standards of the medical societies to which he belonged prohibited doctors from providing medical treatment for their own family. He was bound to obey the medical society oath.

This agonizing loss not only rent his heart, but likewise took its toll on young Paul's mother - Mary (Polly). Paul's death in 1924, combined with the already growing ridicule by the medical societies against her husband's practice and teaching of Zone Therapy, was crushing in upon her with unbearable emotional pressure. Polly, a devotee to the Holy Mother, had been earnestly praying for young Paul's recovery. This strong woman, known later in life for her mordantly frank wit, was deeply troubled by the loss of her only and most beloved son.

Mary 'Polly' McCormick FitzGerald

And where was Polly's husband at the moment when their son's weakened Rheumatic heart failed? Why wasn't the good doctor by Paul's bedside to support his praying wife? Remember - in those days long past - the medical doctors served the sick and afflicted not only by day, but even made house calls late into the night. He was selflessly answering the call of his Hippocratic Oath to serve the infirm in his community at any cost.

Finally, through many tears and after much prayerful deliberation, Polly decided it best for herself and their two daughters to return to the McCormick Family's roots in Missoula, Montana. Polly packed up all her things of value and lefty both her stately Hartford home and husband - taking Kathleen and Vivienne - never to return.

Paul at age eight.

"Aunt Polly", as she was known in Missoula, returned to familiar territory so she could properly mourn her great loss. She put her two daughters in a Washington Boarding School so that she could grieve without distraction. "My mother told me that every time grandmother picked up Kathleen and herself (Vivienne) at the train station (on their return from school) she was wearing the black clothes of one in mourning," said Diana. It was two years before she could leave off her black attire and truly fill her former societal niche there in Missoula.

In time her two daughters married. Kathleen to James Black, a former CBee, choosing to live in Seattle, Washington (they never had children). And Vivienne to Robert Demms whom she met in Stamford, Connecticut. After a 2 week courtship (it was love at first sight) they eloped. It was an additional 2 weeks before they got the blessing of the Catholic Church in a small rectory ceremony. There in Stamford the Demms started their family - later moving to Darien.

But it was in Missoula where Mary 'Polly' McCormick FitzGerald remained - finishing her eighty years in a flurry of societal activity - while wintering in her Los Angeles, California home.

Obituary: Mary McCormick FitzGerald

Mary McCormick FitzGerald was born in Missoula 80 years ago. Her death breaks one of the last links that binds this city's present to its past. And her life shows how close, in a relative way (for 80 years is not much in history) we still stand to our beginnings. Mrs. FitzGerald witnessed virtually all of the growth of this community, saw it change from a small collection of rude buildings along the river bank to what it is today, saw it spread to all points of the compass from the little nucleus that was Missoula Mills.

She was the last surviving child of Major and Mrs. Washington Jay McCormick; pioneers who figured largely in early-day Missoula. Her mother was a sister of Captain Christopher P. Higgins, co-founder of this city and long a dominate factor in it. She was really a pioneer by birth and ancestry.

But she was also a real person in her own right. She had a keen objectivity as to her fellow beings, could recognize and remember their strengths and their weaknesses, knew so much of what happened here in the last eight decades - and always how and through whom - that it is to be regretted that she did not write her memoirs in a formal way. Much of the detailed history of Missoula perished with her. And such memoirs would have been illuminated by the mordantly frank wit that was so characteristic of "Aunt Polly". End.


Bill. FitzGerald

What images are in a man's deliberations following the death of his only son? And what are his thoughts in the wake of his wife's reactive departure with their two daughters? How is he affected by an empty house that was once bustling with activity and filled with laughter? How does the experience of finding himself alone affect: His business? His energy levels? His motivation? How does a man handle nagging thoughts about what he might have done differently on his part to prevent the tragic trend of events? What William Hope FitzGerald suffered - only another man suffering the same fate could possibly begin to understand. Such a man - though he may mask his sense of loss - is plunged into the depths of loneliness. This is a man engulfed in an angst that will either break him or be a means for him to step afresh into a new direction.

Bill FitzGerald, the man, had to regroup in 1925 when he realized Polly's separation was not temporary. His life had suddenly taken a new tone - a different tempo - requiring a major adjustment. We can only now begin to understand the family tragedy that caused his evangelistic efforts on behalf of Zone Therapy - to cease. This doctor, who was the senior nose and throat surgeon at St. Francis Hospital in Hartford, and who had also founded the same specialty clinic in that hospital (as well as being an active member of most of the American medical societies) was beginning to look in another direction.

Eventually he sold the old home and bid his colleague, Dr. Thomas Norval Hepburn (the father of movie legend Katherine Hepburn) and his many other good friends, adieu - before moving to Stamford where he tool up residency in the Roger Smith Hotel. The hotel suite afforded him a base of operation which allowed him to engage himself as an itinerate doctor - seeing patients as he traveled to and from New York City. His daughter Vivienne had been making occasional visits to her Father's new abode and eventually decided to stay. Her Father had a friend, named Virgina Drew, who owned the Merrill Business School which was housed in her home. Vivienne enrolled and stayed in her home/school. In January of 1936 FitzGerald returned from one of his NY trips to find that his daughter had eloped during his absence.

'Little Church Around the Corner' in Manhattan
where Robert Demms & Vivienne were able
to obtain a quick and romantic wedding.

Vivienne had made the big leap into the adult world after falling in love with one of the instructors. Although Robert was not one of her instructors (he taught accounting) they became aquainted when he had to retrieve his coat which was hanging in the room where she was studying. It was only a month later that they made their life changing decision. Upon their return to Stamford, they decided together that since she would be responsible for most of the training of the children - it would be best if they were raised Catholic. So on February 9, 1936 another marriage ceremony was performed in the rectory of St. Johns Church - the Catholic Church in Stamford, CT.

"My parents were married for 32 years. It was the Hong Kong Flu that took mother away first on December 20, 1968. Father died later of a broken heart on October 25, 1972," relayed Vivienne's daughter Diana.

FitzGerald decided to make yet another move following the marriage of his beloved daughter - this time to New York. It was there that he had made many professional connections over the years. His friendship with Dr. Benedict Lust and numerous other associates were offering him yet another opportunity to begin anew what was to be the last professional segment of his eventful and challenging life as a father, nose and throat surgeon, and Zone Therapist.

As the shadows began to lengthen during this last 5-year segment of his life - Dr. FitzGerald finally decided it best to return to his familiar turf in Stamford, so that he could spend his last days in the company of his daughter Vivienne FitzGerald Demms and her growing family. Last days? Yes, his health had been deteriorating during that last year due to a condition of arteriosclerotic heart disease, and the good doctor needed to return to the embrace of his family. "I remember grandfather being in our home, but at my age I didn't realize he was not feeling well. Neither do I remember him dying," said Vivienne's daughter Diana.

During his extended stay the good doctor became increasingly frail, so Vivienne, pregnant with another child, had to commit him to the Fairfield State Hospital in Newtown, Connecticut. Here he lingered for 67 days before joining those of his family who had gone before - now resting in the familial burial plot at St. John's Cemetery behind the Church in Middletown.

Family Patriarch Charles FitzGerald, Sr and his wife Catherine were
joined by their second son William Hope FitzGerald October 21, 1942.

"... May they rest from their toils,
for their works do follow with them."
Revelation 14:13

St. John's Church - Middletown, CT

Thank you, William Hope FitzGerald, for your selfless dedication to a medical practice which continually called you into service for the sick - and therefore away from your natural family circle. And again - thanks - to you, your wife and your children for enduring the humiliation that resulted from the denigration of your Zone Therapy research which stubbornly flowed out of your own medical societies; and this despite your undisputable validation through clinical research, practice and teaching of what you confidently termed - Zone Therapy ... that body of knowledge which became your reflexological gift to a suffering world.

Bill Hope FitzGerald
Later Years

Obituary: Dr. FitzGerald Dies At 70

Middletown, Oct. 21.--- (Special) ---Dr. William Hope FitzGerald, 70, founder of the first nose and throat clinic at St. Francis Hospital, and for which he gave considerable equipment, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Robert S. Demms, in Stamford Wednesday.

After studying in clinics in Vienna, Paris and London, Dr. FitzGerald established his practice in Hartford and after 20 years in that city he moved to New York. He was a member of several medical and scientific societies.

He was born in Middletown, a son of the Late Charles and Catherine (Hope) FitzGerald.

Dr. FitzGerald attended Wesleyan University and St. Charles College, Maryland, and received his M.D. degree from the University of Vermont in 1895.

Besides his daughter in Stamford he leaves his wife, Mrs Margaret (McCormack) FitzGerald, and a daughter, Mrs. Catherine Black, both in Montana: and several grandchildren.

Funeral services will be held at the W J Coughlin Sons’ Funeral Home, 491 High Street, Middletown, Saturday, at 8:15 a.m., followed by a requiem mass in St. John’s Church here at 9 o’clock. Burial will be in St. John’s Cemetery here.

Hartford Courier, October 22, 1942 - END


FitzGerald Coat of Arms.

Hartford Times
Thursday News Brief
November 5, 1942

Bill. FitzGerald

Another item that attracted us concerned the death in Stamford at 70 of Dr. William H. FitzGerald, who practiced 20 years in Hartford and then went to New York. He is remembered as the founder of the first nose and throat clinic at St. Francis Hospital and its benefactor.

He is remembered for a procedure he discovered which he considered of great importance. He called it "Pressure Anaethesia." By applying pressure upon nerves at particular points, feeling could be deadened so that operations could be performed without pain. For instance, the nerve which controlled certain teeth came near to the surface in the thumb. Pressure applied there would relieve an ache or permit a tooth to be pulled without pain. And so on.

Though he perhaps overestimated the possibilities of this procedure, Dr. FitzGerald was not mistaken about its effectiveness in some instances. Other doctors and dentists became interested and they joined him in experiments and also exploited the discovery. Dr. FitzGerald sometimes demonstrated the process by using the bare back of a volunteer as a pincushion. He wrote a book about the method, devised wire rings for pressure purposes which were put on sale.

The Medial Society frowned upon the idea, and particularly the publicity. It did not give the discovery the same importance Dr. FitzGerald did. He had a fine personality and many friends, besides a high rating in his profession, but he finally went elsewhere to practice.

Despite the Medical Society there were those who swore by Dr. FitzGerald and his treatments. The late J. Henry Roraback, long Republican leader of the state, was one. A member of his family suffered greatly from neuritis or a similar complaint. Pressure treatment by Dr. FitzGerald gave relief where other treatments failed. Probably there were others. END



FitzGerald Grandson Reflects

G. William Demms
Vantage Portraits
203 Edison Rd.
Long Hill, CT 06611


I am Pamela and Diana's brother G. William Demms. I was named after my Grandfather, William H. FitzGerald, and work as a portrait photographer in lower Fairfield County, CT.

Pamela has informed me of the extensive research and the amount of information you have collected on my Grandfather. She has directed me to your web site and has asked me to contact you.

My memory of him comes only through stories, since he died 2 years before I was born. I am the 4th of 5 children.

I remember finding those strange looking metal "combs" in the attic as a child and thus began the stories of Mothers father.

My Father told me of how the Doctor would travel from Hartford to New York City, seeing patients along the way. He would stay at the Roger Smith Hotel in Stamford as a "central base" while he was on the road. While my Mother was staying there with him in the 30's, she attended the local Merrill Business School where she met my Father who was teaching there. You know the rest of that story.

One evening my parents were leavlng a restaurant with friends when the other man flipped a cigarette and accidentally hit my Father in the eye. The next day while visiting my Grandfather Bill my Father complained of the pain still in his eye. Grandfather manipulated the palm of Father's hand in such a way that the pain literally disappeared. That story was my introduction to Zone Therapy.

I'm going to dig through my archives and see if there is anything I can add to your collection of information. Unfortunately I have shoots scheduled at the time of your conference and will not be able to attend. I sincerely appreciate your work and the attention you have given to a man who's greatest quest was to alleviate human aches and pains.

If I can be of any further help, please feel free to contact me.


Willie Demms
April 10th, 2008


Pamela & Jim Anderegg

Pamela FitzGerald Demms Anderegg
and her husband Jim attended the
RAA Conference May 3 & 4, 2008.
Many shared in reflexological joy.

Hallelujah & Alleluia

If you do what you've always done;
You'll get what you've always got!!!
---- David Steele



This Page Updated: 06/07/2016

FitzGerald's Granddaughter Diana Demms Reddington wrote: "Zachary, you have done a great job on Grandfather Bill's Web page. Contributing to this page has been fun & exciting for Pam and I."
Diana attended the 2008 RAA Conference in Portland, Maine as a Celebrity Guest of the Pioneers Exhibit with her Sister Pamela on
May 3-4 2008.

"Zachary ... Again, I want to thank you for the most incredible week end. You are such a gracious host. The feeling you restored in my feet with the Riley percussor has remained (HALLELUJAH!!!); and I am continuing the treatment with 'the coke bottle technique.' I would like to start the study of 'Reflexology'. Where do I begin? Again, many, many thanks - and I look forward to hearing from you. Bless you, Diana."


Diana does a dance after Instrument Assisted Reflexology with the DRUMmer. Her back didn't hurt and she could feel her toes again after 5 years. "Hallelujah. I feel so good I want to become a Reflexologist," she joyously exclaimed

Nine days after the RAA Conference Diana wrote: "I continue to use the recommended 'coke bottle' treatment and, as of today, the feeling has been restored entirely to both feet. To you, Zachary, I am most grateful. Your website is really great!!! After studying the information you have provided, I will be in touch. Again, thank you my friend."


"We are repeatedly called upon for the theory of zone therapy. Rather than be obliged to retract theories, we are not going to advance them at the expense of clinical facts, except very superficially. It is certain that control-centers in the medulla are stimulated, as has been suggested, but I believe that it is 'shock' more often than stimulation. Some theorists have pointed out, perhaps rightly, that 'these functions may be carried out by the pituitary body through the multiple nerve paths from it.' " (Zone Therapy or Relieving Pain and Disease, by Wm H. FitzGerald, MD, & E.F. Bowers, MD, page 182, M.C. Hillery, Publisher, Hartford, CT, Second Edition, 1919.)

Various instruments used by Dr. FitzGerald's Group
in 1928
MIR Student tries out FitzGerald's hollowed-out clothes pin technique during a 1995 visit to MIR Research & Development Clinic.

This stainless steel tongue depressor was used by Dr. FitzGerald in Zone Therapy applications on the tongue reflexes. He taught the use of this instrument to other doctors wishing to learn his system.

The gentleman Bill FitzGerald lived with his wife & family in their home shown below for 20 years before selling and then moving to NY.

FitzGerald's two daughters: Kathleen to the left & Vivienne.

Vivienne FitzGerald Demms holds her two daughters: Diana on the left & Pamela. "One day Mother drove my sister and I to visit her cousin Margaret in Hartford," related Diana. "As we began our journey she told us about the lovely home on Farmington Avenue were she was raised. As she turned onto Farmington Avenue her eyes filled with tears; for instead of the home where she grew up - there stood a super market."

Pamela FitzGerald Demms Anderegg has been reflecting on her childhood and helping to expand this Web page that focuses on her grand father FitzGerald. Pam wrote: "Zachary - thank you for all the work you are doing on the website and the 'story' of our Grandfather."

Pamela's Thank You.
Many attendees met & shared with Diana, Pamela and her husband Jim who were Celebrity Guests of the Pioneers Exhibit in Portland, ME.

"Zachary: I want to thank both you and Nachi for the most gratifying weekend of my life! This morning while pressing on the fourth finger of my left hand (using Korean Hand Therapy); the crickets abandoned the left ear! I've had tinnitus for around forty years; it sounds like crickets. My thanks to Dan Lobash and you. I believe I have found something important to do with my life. Hallelujah? Gratefully, Pam."

POM highly recommended by FitzGerald's Group for busy clinical work. They considered it more efficient than the thumb in a busy office.

Therapeutic heat lamps were initially used by Dr. White (a member of FitzGerald's Group). These infrared ray lamps were approved by FitzGerald and combined with Zone Therapy as early as 1920.

This new & improved Photoluminescent Reflex Beamer III-3b is the modern version of Burdick's 1913 infra red ray lamp. Dr. Brinkerhoff's light energy research has confirmed a consistent reflexology (ReflexoCure) treatment outcome that produces the ideal equilibrium state. He has designed a Full Spectrum Reflexology Program which has restored the full bandwidth of infrared energy as part of a reflexology treatment. "By following these techniques practiced by the founding Fathers I can guarantee to a new student that he can give a treatment equal to my own. This is accomplished by using the DRUMmer combined with the Reflex Beamer III-3b or equivalent devices," stated Zachary.

This spectrum of visible light shows the red/near-infra red wave lengths (far right) utilized by Dr. Chesney's company: Burdick Manufacturing in 1913 and again by MIR Research & Development Clinic in 2003

Zachary Brinkerhoff
applies High Power Laser "shock" to the lower spine reflex of Alfred Bird Bear Obes for treatment of an old, chronic spinal injury.

Zachary hammers lumbar spine reflex with High Power Laser on recipient Obes' left foot.

A "Shock-Type" treatment is given to a Japanese Reflexologist with the 1/4" Brass Tip of the DRUMmer on the K1 at the 2004 RAA Conference in Nashville, TN. "I can feel a warm glow ... a flow of Chi Energy flowing up through my whole body," she told Dr. Brinkerhoff. She was very pleased with the DRUMmer style "shock-type" experience.

A "Shock-Type" effect can be easily created on the K1 meridian with the DRUMmer or an equivalent instrument such as wooden reflex probe sharply and painfully applied.

"Zone Therapy demonstrates the co-relationship of all parts of the body, also the manner in which pressure or contact upon certain zones is effective in the relief of pain or disease." (Ibid, Zone Therapy.)

Pressure at IV will not only anesthetize the 3rd and 4th zones, but frequently also that half of the upper jaw. Pressure at V with finger covering the median line and counter pressure with the thumb on the outside of the jaw, or even on the lip directly opposite the finger, will usually anesthetize the incisors sufficiently for painless extraction. (Zone Therapy, Ibid., p. 125.)

FitzGerald's grand daughters (Pam & Diana) came to Portland, ME in order to honor the reflexologic research of their Grandfather Bill. They were both warmly embraced by the family of ReflexoCurists.


Richard Shultz, MH
Dr. Richard Shultz, MH, recounts a time when he witnessed a reflex treatment on a patient having difficulty with a kidney stone: "Many people think that Dr. Christopher was a pushover, a puppy dog Not true. He could be brutal.
"I saw Dr. Christopher help a man release and pass a kidney stone using foot reflexology. He wasn't doing a relaxing foot massage; you could hear this man screaming in the next building. Later that day, the man passed stones and blood in his urine.

"Sympathy has no place in Natural Healing. I have never seen anyone helped by being sympathetic. Feeling sorry for people doesn't get them well. Making them take responsibility for themselves does."

Results could not have been obtained in this case with herbs alone or soft touch reflexology.

MASTER HERBALIST Dr. John R. Christopher
1943 to 1983

Dr. Christopher utilized "shock-type" reflexology with the more difficult cases in his sanitarium.

Dr. Benedict Lust, ND the acclaimed Father of Naturopathy in the USA became an advocate of Dr. FitzGerald's work in Zone Therapy.

FitzGerald's Grandson G. William Demms:
"Zachary, my memory of Grandfather comes only through stories, since he died 2 years before I was born. I am the 4th of 5 children born to his youngest of two daughters - Vivienne.
I remember finding those strange looking metal 'combs' in the attic as a child and thus began the stories of Mothers father.
I sincerely appreciate your work and the attention you have given to a man who's greatest quest was to alleviate human aches and pains."
(See Willie's complete report below.)







Copyright 2003 M.I.R.

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